This is the eighth-grade final exam from 1895 from Salina, KS. It was taken from the original document on file at the Smoky Valley Genealogical Society and Library in Salina, KS and reprinted by the Salina Journal.
(Time, one hour)
(Time, 1.25 hours)
(Time, 45 minutes)
(Time, one hour)
(Time, one hour)i
Imagine a college student who went to public school trying to pass this test, even if the few outdated questions were modernized.
What is wrong with the public education system, that results have fallen so far? Even adjusting for inflation, modern schools receive far more money per student. In fact, the amount of money spent per student has increased by an inflation-adjusted $1000 per decade for fifty years, yet results have steadily fallen. Perhaps money isn't the problem. Not lack of it, anyway. Here are some websites which offer real solutions:
Links to Related Sites and Reading
- Nobel Prize Winning Milton Friedman on Improving Education
- Educational Excellence Takes More Than Money
- Center for School Reform
- How Charter Schools are Working in Arizona
- Just Another Buzzword
- A Citizen's Guide to Education Reform - School Choices
- Milton and Rose Friedman Educational Choice Foundation (Milton Friedman is a Nobel Laureate)
- Separation of School and State Alliance
- What Would a School Voucher Buy? The Real Cost of Private Schools
- Public School Teachers are More Than Twice as Likely To Send Their Kids to Private School!
- A Proposal in Support of School Vouchers
- Effective Education
- Representative Lee Hamilton on School Choice (house.gov)
- Hear a Debate on Vouchers! This is a Real Audio link
- School Choices for Disadvantaged Children
- Where School Choice is Already Working
- Choice in Education
- The Seduction of Homeschooling Families
- A Tax Credit for Education
- School Choice YES! homesite
- School Choice National Tracking Page
Words of the Sentient:
"If you would rule the world quietly, you must keep it amused." I notice too, that the ground on which eminent public servants urge the claims of popular education is fear: `This country is filling up with thousands and millions of voters, and you must educate them to keep them from our throats.'
--Ralph Waldo Emerson
Whenever is found what is called a paternal government, there is found state education. It has been discovered that the best way to ensure implicit obedience is to commence tyranny in the nursery.
-- Benjamin Disraeli, 1874
That erroneous assumption is to the effect that the aim of public education is to fill the young of the species with knowledge and awaken their intelligence, and so make them fit to discharge the duties of citizenship in an enlightened and independent manner.
Nothing could be further from the truth.
The aim of public education is not to spread enlightenment at all; it is simply to reduce as many individuals as possible to the same safe level, to breed and train a standardized citizenry, to put down dissent and originality. That is its aim in the United States, whatever the pretensions of politicians, pedagogues and other such mountebanks, and that is its aim everywhere else.
-- H. L. Menken
I want people to be able to get what they need to live: enough food, a place to live, and an education for their children. Government does not provide these as well as private charities and businesses.
--Colonel David Crockett, member of Congress 1827-32, 1832-35
State education is a mere contrivance for molding people to be exactly alike one another; ... in proportion as it is efficient and successful, it establishes a despotism over the mind, leading by a natural tendency to one over the body.
-- John Stuart Mill, 1859
When an opponent declares, "I will not come over to your side," I calmly say, "Your child belongs to us already...What are you? You will pass on. Your descendants, however, now stand in the new camp. In a short time they will know nothing else but this new community."
-- Adolf Hitler, on public education.