The Communist Manifesto
By Karl Marx
These measures will of course be different in different countries. nevertheless in the most advanced countries, the following will be pretty generally applicable:
- Abolition of property in land and application of all rents of
land to public purposes.
- A heavy progressive or graduated income tax.
- Abolition of all right of inheritance.
- Confiscation of the property of all emigrants and rebels.
- Centralisation of credit in the hands of the State, by means of a
national bank with State capital and an exclusive monopoly.
- Centralisation of the means of communication and transport in
the hands of the State.
- Extension of factories and instruments of production owned by
the State; the bringing into cultivation of waste-lands, and the
improvement of the soil generally in accordance with a common
- Equal liability of all to labour. Establishment of industrial
armies, especially for agriculture.
- Combination of agriculture with manufacturing industries;
gradual abolition of the distinction between town and country, by a
more equable distribution of the population over the country.
- Free education for all children in public schools. Abolition of
children's factory labour in its present form. Combination of
education with industrial production, &c., &c.